It’s officially December, so have a fungal Christmas tree. Top: Talaromyces stipitatus; Tree: Aspergillus nidulans; Ornaments: Penicillium marneffei; Trunk: Aspergillus terreus.
1. Asian Soldiers in the American Civil War
Edward Day Cahota and Corporal Joseph L. Pierce were two of a known total of 58 Asian soldiers who fought in the American Civil War. Pierce was the highest ranked Chinese-American to have served in the war and was at both the Battle of Gettysburg and Antietam ( x ). Cahota was found, half-starving on a ship when he was a child, before being adopted by the captain and growing up as a cabin boy. In 1864, he served under General Ulysses S. Grant.
Both Pierce and Cahota were denied citizenship, due to the 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act, even despite the fact that Cahota had served for 30 years with the army. Cahota, however, “was said to have enjoyed telling his children that he had voted repeatedly—in fact, had cast his ballots for Republicans for 30 years—before it was found out that he was not really a citizen and therefore not qualified to vote.” ( x )
Did we mention that Joseph L. Pierce looked great in uniform?
2. Asian Women in WWII
As soon as the war began, Asian-American women entered the workforce along with their white neighbors. The Chinese Women’s Association raised over $30,000 in donations for war refugees, and women from all over the country contributed their skills and time to the war effort. Katherine Lowe, who was of Hawaiian and Chinese descent and her best friend Elizabeth Moku both applied for jobs at the Pearl Harbor Naval Shipyard. There they lugged around oil drums, trained to fight fires, and Moku played with an undefeated baseball team. ( x )
Across the Atlantic, British Asian Noor Inaya Khan served as a radio operator of a French resistance network, under the codename ‘Madeleine.’ She doggedly avoided capture as other members of the network were arrested, moving quickly and never staying in one place for very long. Betrayed by a Frenchwoman, Khan was finally found by the Gestapo, escaped from prison, only to be captured again soon after. She remained staunchly loyal, even under torture, and gave her life to the cause when she was sent to the Dachau concentration camp and executed. ( x )
Rosie the Riveter has always looked liked us. The question is when will Hollywood catch up with history.
3. Siguhara Chiune
The other WWII hero Spielberg could (and should) have made a movie about, Siguhara Chiune saved the lives of over 6,000 Jews by issuing them travel visas to Japan. Serving as Vice-Consul for Japan in Lithuania at the time, Sughara ignored the sky-high requirements the refugees couldn’t meet, and after consulting with his family, began writing visas in direct violation of his orders. And yet, not only did he issue visas illegally, he issued a months worth of them each day, spending 18-20 hours a day on his mission.
And there’s more:
On the night before their scheduled departure, Sugihara and his wife stayed awake writing out visa approvals. According to witnesses, he was still writing visas while in transit from his hotel and after boarding the train at the Kaunas Railway Station, throwing visas into the crowd of desperate refugees out of the train’s window even as the train pulled out.
In final desperation, blank sheets of paper with only the consulate seal and his signature (that could be later written over into a visa) were hurriedly prepared and flung out from the train. As he prepared to depart, he said, “Please forgive me. I cannot write anymore. I wish you the best.” When he bowed deeply to the people before him, someone exclaimed, “Sugihara. We’ll never forget you. I’ll surely see you again!” ( x )
If that’s not Oscar bait, we don’t know what is.
4. Xiang Fe the Fragrant Concubine
Allow us to quote directly from Medieval POC, one of our favorite blogs on tumblr.
The Fragrant Concubine is a figure who blends history with legend in a way that has yet to be unraveled. She is said to have been an Uighur. The Uighurs are a Muslim Ethnic group concentrated in the Northwestern Chinese Province of Xinjiang […] According to legend, after the glorious defeat of the Uighurs in Altishahr in 1759, the triumphant Manchu general Zhahui returned to Beijing with war booty, including the remarkable consort […] said to emit a natural fragrance and became known as the Fragrant Concubine.
Although given to the Quinlong Emperor as a concubine, she resisted any intimate contact with him and carried small knives in the sleeves of her clothing in order to revenge the loss of her homeland. But he emperor was so entrances with her that he is said to have built a Muslim mosque and bazaar just beyond the southwest corner of the Beijing Palace…and a tower just inside the walls from which she could supposedly ease her homesickness by watching her fellow Muslims conducting business and going to the mosque.
So many cosplay possibilities, so little time.
Wipe the unfortunate caricatures from Pirates of the Caribbean 3 out of your mind. Ching Shih not only gave the colonial powers a run for their money, she was one of the few pirates to live long and well enough to retire, let alone do so with an undefeated track record of terror. A prostitute kidnapped by pirates, she married their captain and maneuvered her way into power after his death by building rapport with her rivals. She united the fleet of pirates her husband began under a new moral code of law, which included a death sentence for any pirate who raped a female captive. ( x )
The Pirates of the Malabar had their fair share of adventure as well. Lead by Kanhoji Angre, the Maratha Confederacy attacked merchant ships of the East India Trading Company, and in 1712, Angre captured the British President of Mumbai. In 1715, the new British President of Mumbai tried to return the favor, only have three of his ships taken and his port blockaded. Angre ransomed 8,750 pounds from the East India Company for his troubles. Considered a hero by anti-imperialists, a statue of Angre stands in the Naval Dockyard in Mumbai. ( x )
Hollywood, we are waiting.
If your first exposure to black people is through rap music, chances are you might be in a little over your head. That’s certainly what happened to me and my friends at our Jewish private school when I was growing up in Los Angeles. We didn’t really know what to do with rap, so we tried to take its power away by changing the way it sounded. One of the ways we’d do this was to pretend rappers spoke “properly,” just like we did. “I enjoy big pimping and spending cheese”… you get the picture. Needless to say, even though I loved rap music a whole lot, this was insanely racist. I outgrew this phase, thankfully, and began to try to see rap on its own terms. So you can imagine my horror upon seeing this same concept being celebrated by the suddenly-huge Respectful Rappers Tumblr.
Respectful Rappers has blown up in all the ways Tumblrs generally blow up these days — a little BuzzFeed here, a little A.V. Club there, and suddenly you’re getting thousands of Tumblr notes for each piece of content you churn out. And what is Respecftul Rappers’ content? Imagine Feminist Ryan Gosling, with pictures of rappers laid out over re-imagined lyrics. There are a handful of white rappers featured, but the majority are black — and what matters here is that this Tumblr’s content does is ridicule black speech.
Not that Respectful Rappers will admit this. Instead, its stated goal is to imagine what would happen “[i]f rappers were a little less angry and misogynistic.” On the latter point, our society as a whole is still insanely misogynistic, and rap exists within that society, so sure. There have been many fascinating discussions throughout the years about misogyny within rap, like bell hooks’ interview with Ice Cube in Spin 20 years ago. But Respectful Rappers is not a part of these discussions, because unlike hooks’ interview, it starts with the premise that rappers are dumb.
Wouldn’t it be hysterical, Respectful Rappers intones, if rappers spoke like you and me? It’s not really shocking that the blog’s creators, Bob Vulfov and Eli Grober, are white and claim to “love rap,” just like I did when I was 13. They use “respectful” as a code word, a dog whistle for “white.” What purpose does it serve to imagine if N.W.A. had said, “Police brutality is very real, and we will not stand for it” instead of “Fuck the police”? None, unless you think that Ice Cube, Dr. Dre, Eazy-E, MC Ren and the rest were incapable of saying that in the first place. These people couldn’t think of the right words, so we did it for them. That’s the joke!
In 2007, then-Senator Joe Biden got in trouble for using the word “articulate” to describe then-Senator Barack Obama. “What faint praise, indeed,” wrote Lynette Clemetson for the New York Times. “Being articulate must surely be a baseline requirement for a former president of The Harvard Law Review. After all, Webster’s definitions of the word include “able to speak” and ‘expressing oneself easily and clearly.’ It would be more incredible, more of a phenomenon, to borrow two more of the senator’s puzzling words, if Mr. Obama were inarticulate.” Similarly, in an essay called “Why I Hate Being Articulate” for the Black Youth Project, a young author named Edward describes how in his experience he “come across far too many white people who use the word to compliment a black person for speaking ‘standard’ English.”
Respectful Rappers flips that script, depicting all rappers as sex-crazed idiots who are incapable of speaking in full sentences. In this respect, it’s the latest in a long line of examples of the privileged ridiculing the underprivileged for not being able to “speak properly,” a politicization of language that makes it another means of oppression. Sure, rap isn’t perfect, but what genre of music could possibly satisfy Vulfov and Gruber? They disdain the general concept of anger as much as they do misogyny, and it clearly never occurred to them that rappers could actually choose to speak the way they do, that they might have self-determination.
Anger is a healthy, vital part of music. Respectful Rappers somehow forgets to notice that in “Fuck tha Police,” the entire song is set within a courtroom run by N.W.A (“Judge Dre presiding”), where the group’s members speak in turn to the jury about the oppression they have seen and experienced, and how they hate the police. And yes, they’re angry. But Respectful Rappers pretends that the entire song is its chorus over and over again, and helpfully decides to give these clueless but spunky rappers a helpful lesson in what they’re really talking about. If this blog ever encountered a Trina video, it’d probably self-destroy like a computer in Star Trek forced to answer an impossible question.
I’ll take the Respectful Rappers founders at their word, and believe that they really love rap. But as a fellow white fan of a genre made mostly by people who don’t share our skin color, I’ll also give them a helpful piece of advice: don’t tell people how to say their words. The way rappers speak is part of what makes rap great, just like the way any singer sings influences the song’s quality. If you really love rap, you’ll shut down your dumb, racist Tumblr and listen.
during exams i like to take the time to put on make up and pretend like i still have a semblance of control over my life